Class 12 icon

Appearing for the class 12th board is the next milestone in a student’s educational journey after taking the class 10th board exams. Compared to the class 10 board exams, the degree of complexity is higher in Class 12. That’s why the result of Class 12th is the deciding factor in students’ life. Scoring a good percentile in the class 12 board exam helps students to pursue their desired careers and boosts confidence.

CBSE Class 12: Subjects

The subjects students have studied in class 11 continue to class 12. The structure of the subjects is given below. Let us take a look:

Sets of Subjects Subjects
Compulsory Subjects Subject 1 Language I: English or Hindi
Subject 2 Language II: Language other than Language I or an elective subject from Academic Electives in lieu of Language II
Subject 3, Subject 4, & Subject 5 Combination of one Skill subject from Skill Electives and two elective subjects from Academic Electives or Combination of two Skill subjects from Skill Electives and one elective subject from Academic Electives or All Three Skill subjects from Skill Electives or All Three from Academic Electives
Additional Subject Optional Subject 6 One language at elective level or one subject from Academic Electives or any one subject from Skill Electives
Subjects of Internal Assessment Subject 7 to 8 501-General Foundation Course 502-Physical and Health Education Work Experience

CBSE Class 12: Syllabus & Study Material for 2024-25

The Central Board of Secondary Education CBSE released the syllabus for classes 1 to 12 of the 2024-25 academic year. We have provided the same to help the students prepare for the year. Class 12 syllabus helps students to progress in the right direction. As a result, they are advised to prepare for the exam as per the prescribed syllabus (also mentioned here):

Subjects Chapters
Hindi Hindi Core Aroh

  • हरिवंश राय बच्चन (आत्मपरिचय, एक गीत)
  • आलोक धन्वा (पतंग)
  • कुँवर नारायण (कविता के बहाने, बात सीधी थी पर)
  • रघुवीर सहाय (कैमरे में बंद अपाहिज)
  • शमशेर बहादुर सिंह (उषा)
  • सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी ‘निराला’ (बादल राग)
  • तुलसीदास (कवितावली, लक्ष्मण-मूर्च्छा और राम का विलाप)
  • उमाशंकर जोशी (छोटा मेरा खेत, बगुलों के पंख)
  • महादेवी वर्मा (भक्तिन)
  • जैनेन्द्र कुमार (बाज़ार दर्शन)
  • धर्मवीर भारती (काले मेघा पानी दे)
  • फणीश्वर नाथ रेणु (पहलवान की ढोलक)
  • हजारी प्रसाद द्विदेदी (शिरीष के फूल)
  • बाबा साहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर (श्रम विभाजन और जाति-प्रथा, मेरी कल्पना का आदर्श समाज)

Hindi Core Vitan

  • सिल्वर वैडिंग (मनोहर श्याम जोशी)
  • जूझ (आनंद यादव)
  • अतीत में दबे पाँव (ओम थानवी)

Hindi Elective Antra

  • जयशंकर प्रसाद
  • सच्चिदानंद हीरानंद वात्स्यायन अज्ञेय
  • केदारनाथ सिंह
  • रघुवीर सहाय
  • तुलसीदास
  • मलिक मुहम्मद जायसी
  • विद्यापति
  • रामचंद्र शुक्ल
  • पंडित चंद्रधर शर्मा गुलेरी
  • फणीश्वरनाथ ‘रेणु’
  • असगर वजाहत
  • निर्मल वर्मा
  • ममता कालिया
  • हजारी प्रसाद द्विवेदी

Hindi Elective Antral

  • सूरदास की झोंपड़ी
  • बिस्कोहर की माटी
  • अपना मालवा-खाऊ-उजाड़ू सभ्यता में
English Flamingo Core English


  • The Last Lesson
  • Lost Spring
  • Deep Water
  • The Rattrap
  • Indigo
  • Poets and Pancakes
  • The Interview
  • Going Places


  • My Mother at Sixty-Six
  • Keeping Quiet
  • A Thing of Beauty
  • A Roadside Stand
  • Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers


  • The Third Level
  • The Tiger King
  • Journey to the end of the Earth
  • The Enemy
  • On the Face of It
  • Memories of Childhood
  • The Cutting of My Long Hair
  • We Too Are Human Beings
Mathematics Unit-I: Relations and Functions

  • Relations and Functions
  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Unit-II: Algebra

  • Matrices
  • Determinants

Unit-III: Calculus

  • Continuity and Differentiability
  • Applications of Derivatives
  • Integrals
  • Applications of the Integrals
  • Differential Equations

Unit-IV: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

  • Vectors
  • Three – dimensional Geometry

Unit-V: Linear Programming

  • Linear Programming

Unit-VI: Probability

  • Probability
Physics Unit I: Electrostatics

  • Electric Charges and Fields
  • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Unit II: Current Electricity

  • Current Electricity

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Magnetism and Matter

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Alternating Current

Unit V: Electromagnetic waves

  • Electromagnetic Waves

Unit VI: Optics

  • Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  • Wave Optics

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

  • Atoms
  • Nuclei

Unit IX: Electronic Devices  Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • d- and f-Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Amines
  • Biomolecules
Biology Unit 1:- Reproduction

  • Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Human Reproduction
  • Reproductive Health

Unit 2:- Genetics and Evolution

  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Evolution

Unit 3:- Biology and Human Welfare

  • Human Health and Diseases
  • Microbes in Human Welfare

Unit 4:- Biotechnology and its Applications

  • Biotechnology – Principles and Processes
  • Biotechnology and its Applications

Unit 5:- Ecology and Environment

  • Organisms and Populations
  • Ecosystem
  • Biodiversity and its Conservation

CBSE Class 12 Study Plan to Maximise Score in 2024-25 Exams

All of the following points should be remembered while making the study plan:

  • Knowing the syllabus and exam pattern is the primary step toward CBSE Class 12 Boards preparation.
  • Instead of memorising everything, try to learn by understanding the concepts in depth.
  • You can review the previous year’s papers to know the questions asked. Additionally, refer to the latest CBSE Class 12 Sample Papers to understand the exam pattern.
  • To achieve high scores in the CBSE Class 12 exam, you need to make a study plan to increase productivity.
  • Prepare through the Class 12 NCERT Books because the maximum number of questions asked in the CBSE class 12th board examination are from NCERT.

List of Future Exams after Class 12

Let’s look at the list of competitive exams after class 12th for various streams:

Stream Exams
  • Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main
  • JEE Advanced
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) entrance exam
  • IPU-CET (B. Tech)
  • Manipal (B. Tech)
  • AMU (B. Tech)
  • NDA Entrance with PCM
  • National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG)
Defence Services
  • Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
  • Indian Navy B.Tech Entry Scheme
  • Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES) ·
  • National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I)
  • Indian Navy Sailors Recruitment
Fashion & Designing
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance Test
  • National Institute of Design Admissions
  • All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)
  • Symbiosis Institute of Design Exam
  • Footwear Design and Development Institute
  • Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design
  • National Institute of Fashion Design
  • National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA)
  • Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)
Social Science
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • IIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)
  • TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)
  • Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT)
  • All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
  • BHU Law Entrance Exam
  • Llyod Entrance Test (LET)
  • DU LLB
  • LSAT
  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)
  • National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)
  • Indian Statistical Institute Admission
  • Admissions to Universities (Various B.Sc Programs)
  • Banasthali Vidyapith Admission

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12

One of the significant preparation strategies to score good marks in CBSE class 12 board exams is to solve sample papers. Solving the sample papers before the examination will give you an idea about the various questions. You can also improve your speed and accuracy by continuously solving sample papers.

Subjects Chapters
Hindi Click here to download CBSE Hindi Class 12 Sample Paper
English Click here to download CBSE English Class 12 Sample Paper
Mathematics Click here to download CBSE Mathematics Class 12 Sample Paper
Physics Click here to download CBSE Physics Class 12 Sample Paper
Chemistry Click here to download CBSE Chemistry Class 12 Sample Paper
Biology Click here to download CBSE Biology Class 12 Sample Paper

To Download All Subjects Sample Paper (Click Here)

CBSE Class 12 Preparation Tips

Follow these guidelines to prepare for the CBSE Class 12 Board Exam 2024-25.

  • Prepare a timetable to study each topic before the exam.
  • Include some break time between study sessions to refresh your mind.
  • Do not study for more than 60 minutes at a time.
  • Make time for other activities you enjoy, such as playing outside or listening to music.
  • Revise your prepared notes.

Benefits of having the Syllabus for the CBSE Class 12

Preparation in the right direction begins with knowing the syllabus. After thoroughly reviewing the syllabus, you will not leave any topic behind. It will assist you in planning your CBSE Class 12 Boards preparation strategy. As a result, you will be able to perform admirably in the examination.

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