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ICSE is a board exam for students studying in schools affiliated with CISCE. ICSE Class 9 lays the conceptual foundation for the higher classes. To clear the ICSE board 10th exam, one should start preparing from class 9 itself. There are many topics in ICSE class 9 syllabus which are discussed in detail in class 10. Hence, it becomes necessary for the students to understand the importance of the syllabus, books and other study material for ICSE class 9.

This article provides you with comprehensive information about ICSE Class 9 subjects, syllabus, study material, study plan to score maximum marks and other future exams.

ICSE Class 9: Subjects

There is a total of 11 subjects in ICSE class 9. These subjects are taught to the students for a fixed duration for each topic throughout the academic year. Only questions related to the official syllabus will be asked in the final examination of the academic year.

The ICSE subjects for class 9 are given below:

  1. Paper I (English Language)
  2. Paper II (English Literature)
  3. Mathematics
  4. Indian Language
  5. Physics
  6. Chemistry
  7. Biology
  8. History and Civics
  9. Geography
  10. Computer
  11. Environmental Science

ICSE Class 9: Syllabus & Study Material for 2023-24

All subjects are of utmost importance. So with thorough syllabus knowledge, students can prepare better by understanding the question pattern quickly.

English Language Paper I

  • Composition writing of about 300 to 350 words
  • Letter writing
  • Write a notice-based text and email on any specific topic
  • Unseen prose passage
  • Functional grammar

English Literature Paper II




  • The Heart of the Tree – Henry Cuyler Bunner
  • The Cold Within–James Patrick Kinney
  • The Bangle Sellers – Sarojini Naidu
  • After Blenheim – Robert Southey
  • Television – Roald Dahl

PROSE (Short Stories):

  • Chief Seattle’s Speech
  • Old Man at the Bridge – Ernest Miller Hemingway
  • A Horse and Two Goats – R.K. Narayan
  • Hearts and Hands – O. Henry
  • A Face in the Dark – Ruskin Bond



Pure Arithmetic

  • Rational and Irrational Numbers

Commercial Mathematics

  • Compound Interest


  • Expansions
  • Factorisation
  • Simultaneous Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Indices/Exponents
  • Logarithms



  • Triangles
  • Rectilinear Figures
  • Circle



  • Introduction
  • Collection of Data
  • Presentation of Data
  • Graphical Representation of Data
  • Mean
  • Median of Ungrouped Data


  • Area and Perimeter of Triangle
  • Area and Perimeter of Quadrilateral
  • Rectilinear Figures
  • Circle: Surface Area and Volume
  • Surface Area and Volume of 3D Figures


  • Trigonometric Ratios
  • Trigonometric Ratios of Standard Angles
  • Simple 2-D Problems

Coordinate Geometry

  • Dependent and Independent Variables
  • Ordered Pairs
  • Coordinates Points and Plotting them in the Cartesian Plane
  • Linear Equations (Graphs)
  • Distance Formula




Study of Gas Laws

  • The Behaviour of Gases under Changes in Temperature and Pressure
  • Charles’ Law
  • Relationship Between Kelvin Scale and Celsius Scale of Temperature

The Language of Chemistry

  • Symbol of an Element
  • Valency
  • Formulae of Radicals and Formulae of Compounds
  • Balancing of Simple Chemical Equations

Physical and Chemical Changes

  • Definitions and Distinction between Physical and Chemical Change
  • Conditions for Chemical Change
  • Types of Chemical Change
  • Energy Changes in a Chemical Change
  • Burning: Definition and Conditions of Burning


  • Water as a Compound and as a Universal Solvent
  • Water Pollution Treatment of Water Pollution
  • Chemical Properties

Atomic Structure

  • Structure of an Atom Mass Number and Atomic Number
  • Isotopes
  • Octet Rule

The Periodic Table

  • Dobereiner’s Triads
  • Newland’s Law of Octaves
  • Mendeleev’s Contributions
  • Modern Periodic Law
  • The Modern Periodic Table (groups and periods)

Study of the First Element – Hydrogen

  • Hydrogen from Water
  • Hydrogen from Dilute Acids
  • Hydrogen from Alkalies

Atmospheric Pollution

  • Acid Rain
  • Global Warming
  • Ozone Depletion


Measurements and Experimentation

  • Estimation by Orders of Magnitude of Size (length, area and volume)
  • Mass and Time, International System of Units
  • Measurements using Common Instruments
  • Presentation of Data in Tabular and Graphical Form (straight-line graphs only)

Motion in one Dimension

  • Distance
  • Speed
  • Velocity
  • Graphs of Distance-Time and Speed-Time
  • Equations of Uniformly Accelerated Motion with Derivations

Laws of Motion

  • Newton’s First Law of Motion
  • Newton’s Second Law of Motion
  • Newton’s Third Law of Motion
  • Gravitation


  • Change of Pressure with Depth
  • Transmission of Pressure in Liquids
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Buoyancy, Archimedes’ Principle
  • Floatation
  • Relationship with Density
  • Relative Density
  • Determination of Relative Density of a Solid

Heat and Energy

  • Concepts of heat and temperature
  • Anomalous Expansion of Water
  • Energy Flow and its Importance
  • Energy Sources
  • Global Warming and Green House Effect


  • Nature of Sound Waves
  • Infrasonic, Sonic, Ultrasonic Frequencies and Their Applications

Electricity and Magnetism

  • Current Electricity
  • Properties of a Bar Magnet
  • Induced Magnetism
  • Lines of Magnetic Field



  1. Basic Biology
  • The cell: A unit of life
  • Protoplasm
  • Basic difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
  • Differences between an animal and a plant cell
  • Tissues: Types of plant and animal tissues


  1. Flowering Plants
  • Flower: Structure of a bisexual flower
  • Functions of various parts.
  • Pollination: Self and cross-pollination.
  • Fertilization


  1. Plant Physiology
  • Structure of dicot and monocot seeds
  • Germination of seeds
  • Types
  • Conditions for seed germination
  • Respiration in plants: Outline of the process
  • Gaseous exchange


  1. Diversity in Living Organisms
  • A brief outline of the five Kingdom classification
  • Economic Importance of Bacteria
  • Economic Importance of Fungi


  1. Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Nutrition
  • Skeleton: Movement and locomotion
  • Structure and functions of the skin
  • Respiratory System: Organs
  • Mechanism of breathing; tissue respiration
  • Heat production


  1. Health and Hygiene
  • A Brief Introduction to Maintaining Good Health
  • A brief introduction to communicable diseases
  • A brief non-communicable diseases
  • Bacterial, Viral, Protozoan, Helminthic Diseases
  • Aids to Health: Active and Passive Immunity
  • Health Organisations: Red Cross, WHO


  1. Waste Generation and Management
  • Sources of Waste
  • Methods of Safe Disposal


  • The Harappan Civilization
  • Vedic Culture
  • Jainism and Buddhism
  • The Mauryan Empire
  • The Sangam Age
  • The Age of Guptas
  • Medieval India
  • The Modern Age in Europe


  • Our Constitution
  • Salient Features of the Constitution
  • Directive Principles of the State Policy
  • Elections
  • Political Parties
  • Local Self-Government



  • The Earth as a Planet
  • Geographic Grid
  • Motions of The Earth
  • Structure of The Earth and Internal Processes
  • Landforms of The Earth
  • Rocks
  • Volcanoes
  • Earthquakes
  • Earth Movements – Folding and Faulting
  • Weathering
  • The Hydrosphere
  • Movement of Ocean Waters
  • The Atmosphere
  • The Insolation
  • Pressure Belts and Types of Winds
  • Precipitation
  • Natural Regions of The World – I And II
  • Pollution and Its Sources
  • Effects of Pollution
  • Abatement of Pollution
  • Our World
  • Structure of the Earth
  • Hydrosphere
  • Atmosphere
  • Pollution
  • Natural Regions of the World
  • Map Work

Computer Application

  • Introduction To Operating System
  • Graphics User Interface
  • The Internet
  • Computing and Ethics
  • Office Application Software
  • Database Packages
  • Elementary Concepts of Objects and Classes
  • Values and Types
  • Conditional and Non-nested Loops

Environmental Science

  • Understanding Our Environment
  • Living Things in the Ecosystem
  • How Ecosystems Work
  • Kinds of Ecosystems
  • Water
  • Air
  • Atmosphere and Climate
  • Soil And Land
  • People
  • Urbanisation
  • Agriculture

ICSE Class 9 Study Plan to Maximize Score in 2024 Exam

Consider these points to obtain good marks in your upcoming exam:

  • Make a timetable dividing the syllabus so you can adequately cover the complex topics.
  • Follow your study routine for the day and try to cover above 95% of the study portion set for the day.
  • Plan your revision with weekly and monthly provisions for it. Regular revision is necessary to retain vital information and formulae.
  • Stay away from stress and study pressure; instead, develop an interest in your syllabus. You can also create your study routine so that the subjects you enjoy studying and those you dislike reading are set alternately.
  • Stay positive and confident. Give your best while studying.
  • Stay hydrated, eat healthily and take sound sleep daily.

List of Future Exams after Class 9

Several Olympiads for class 9 students help them in their prospects. In addition, students can represent their school at the National and International levels. Given below is a list of some competitive exams.

  • Class 9 Indian National Olympiad or INO
  • Class 9 Indian National Earth Science Olympiad
  • Class 9 National Science Olympiad (NSO)
  • Class 9 National Standard Examination in Astronomy
  • Class 9 International Olympiad of English Language (IOEL)
  • Class 9 National Biotechnology Olympiad or NBO
  • Class 9 International English Olympiad
  • Class 9 International Informatics Olympiad (IIO)
  • Class 9 Zonal Informatics Olympiad
  • Class 9 National Science Talent Search Exam or NSTSE
  • Class 9 Technothlon
  • Class 9 National Interactive Maths Olympiad or NIMO
  • Class 9 Geogenius

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