CBSE Class 10th 2024: Complete Syllabus, Chapter-wise Weightage, Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme

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  • November 29, 2023
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Class 10 is one of the most significant and pivotal years that is extremely decisive for the years to come.  The performance this year plays an imperative role in laying up the foundations of anyone’s entire career.

It not only plays a vital role in a student’s academic journey but also is detrimental to their personal development. It serves as the foundation for higher education, laying the groundwork for advanced fields for further studies. The standardised board examinations conducted in Class 10 evaluate students’ understanding and proficiency in various subjects, shaping their future academic and career opportunities.

Additionally, it is a critical period for skill development, fostering important abilities such as time management, discipline, critical thinking, and problem-solving.

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In its official document, titled “Introduction to Secondary Curriculum”, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) states that the curriculum strives to provide ample scope for holistic, i.e., physical, intellectual and social development of students, emphasises constructivist rather than rote learning by highlighting the importance of hands-on experience; encourage the application of knowledge and skills in real-life problem-solving scenarios; and promote 21st Century Skills, Life Skills, Financial Literacy, Digital Literacy, Health and Wellness, etc.

The syllabus for Class 10 Board Exam 2024 has more or less remained similar to CBSE Class 10 Board exam 2023.

At its core, the curriculum is competency-based, implying that the objective is to inculcate values of critical thinking and problem-solving among its students. Therefore, the students must note that rote learning may not be too much help when it comes to getting that perfect score in the class 10th board exam.

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Now, the first step to start the preparation to score well in CBSE Class 10th Board Exam is to be familiar with the syllabus, exam pattern, chapter-wise weightage and all the important topics.

Here we bring you details of everything that you need to know to ace your CBSE Class 10th Board Exams 2024.

Complete Syllabus for CBSE Class 10th Board Exam 2024


The English curriculum plays a vital role in enhancing students’ abilities in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By adhering to the appropriate syllabus designed for Class 10 CBSE 2024, the students get to explore essential grammar concepts, engage in diverse writing exercises, and delve into various reading sections, among other valuable learning opportunities.

The course consists of 2 books namely, First Flight which consists of pros and poems, and the supplementary Footprints Without Feet. Apart from these, the students are also advised to practice grammar and writing skills. The theoretical exam is of 80 marks and 20 marks are awarded for the internal assessment.


Competency Based Section Distribution:

Section Competencies Marks
Section A Conceptual understanding, decoding, analysing, inferring, interpreting, and vocabulary 20
Section B Creative expression of an opinion, reasoning, justifying, illustrating, appropriacy of style and tone, using appropriate format and fluency. Applying conventions, using integrated structures with accuracy and fluency 20
Section C Recalling, reasoning, appreciating, applying literary conventions illustrating and justifying, etc. Extract relevant information, identify the central theme and sub-theme, understand the writer’s message, and write fluently 40
Total 80

Section-Wise Blueprint:

Section A Reading Comprehension through Unseen Passage  20 Marks Remarks
Discursive passage of 400-450 words 10 marks Multiple Choice Questions / Objective Type Questions and Short Answer Questions (to be answered in 30-40 words)
Case-based factual passage (with visual input- statistical data, chart etc.) of 200-250 words. 10 marks
Section B English Grammar & Writing 20 Marks
English Grammar
Subject–verb concord
Reported speech
-Commands and requests
10 Marks Accurate use of spelling, punctuation and grammar in context through various Gap Filling/ Editing/Transformation exercises.
Writing Skills
Writing a Formal Letter based on a given situation 5 marks Word Limit 100-120 words
Writing an Analytical Paragraph on a given Map / Chart / Graph / Cue/ s. 5 marks Word Limit 100-120 words
Section C Language through Literature 40 Marks
Reference to the Context 5+5= 10 Marks
One extract out of two from Drama / Prose
One extract out of two from poetry
Long & Very Long Answer Questions 30 Marks
Long Answer- 1 (First Flight) 4×3=12 marks Any 4 of 5
Long Answer-2 (Footprints Without Feet) 2×3=6 marks Any 2 of 3
Very Long Answer -1  (First Flight) 6 Marks Any 1 of 2
Very Long Answer-2 (Footprints Without Feet) 6 Marks Any 1 of 2

Deleted Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 English:

Grammar Use of passive voice
Clauses: Noun clauses, Adverb clauses, Relative clauses
First Flight (Prose) The Hundred Dresses – I
The Hundred Dresses – II
First Flight (Poetry) Animals
Footprints without Feet The Hack Driver

Complete English Syllabus for Class 10th Board Exam 2024:

2. CBSE CLASS 10 Language: Hindi Course-A EXAM 2024:

The Hindi syllabus for CBSE Class 10 in 2024 encompasses a wide range of topics, including prose, poetry, drama, and grammar. Students will have the opportunity to explore various literary genres, delve into the works of different authors, and analyse their compositions. Additionally, the syllabus covers aspects such as comprehension, writing skills, and vocabulary enhancement.

The question booklet of the CBSE Class 10 Hindi Exam 2024 will be for 80 marks. The 20 marks are designated for internal assessment, which includes periodic tests, notebook submissions, and subject enrichment activities.


Competency Based Section Distribution:

Competency Based Section Distribution Hindi Class 10th

Exam Pattern & Blueprint:

Part- A
Marks Total Marks
Multiple choice based on comprehension ability and expression skills on unread prose and poetry
1 a. Unseen Passage (250 words) 5 10
b. Unseen Poetry (120 words) 5
2 Comprehension of content on the topics prescribed for grammar, linguistic points, etc. (1×16) 16 16
3 Literature 7 14
a Pros 7
b Poetry
Part- B
1 a. Pros 6 20
4 of 3 (Short-form Answers)
b Poetry 6
4 of 3 (Very Short-form Answers)
c Supplementary 8
3 of 4 (Short-form Answers)
2 Writing 20
i Paragraph Writing (on any 1 of 3 topics) 6
ii Letter Writing (Any 1) 5
iii Resume Writing or Email Writing 5
iv Letter Writing / Advertisement Writing 4
Total 80
Internal Marks Marks 20
a Periodic Assessment 5
b Project 5
c Portfolio 5
d Listening & Speaking 5
Total 100

Complete Hindi-A Syllabus for Class 10th Board Exam 2024:

3. CBSE CLASS 10 Language: Social Studies EXAM 2024:

The CBSE Class 10 Social Studies Syllabus for the academic year 2023-24 encompasses four main sections: History, Political Science, Geography, and Economics. The theory paper in social studies will account for 80 marks, while the internal assessment component will carry 20 marks.

Social Studies is consists of 4 parts- Geography, History, Political Sciences (Civics) and Economics, each for 20 marks in an 80 marks exam. The exam will also consist of relevant maps for various topics.


Unit-wise Weightage:

Units Unit Name Marks
1 India and the Contemporary World – II 20
2 Contemporary India – II 20
3 Democratic Politics – II 20
4 Understanding Economic Development 20
Total 80

Social Studies Standard Chapter Wise Weightage:

Section Chapter Name 1 Marks (MCQ) 2 Marks 3 Marks 5 Marks 4 Marks (Competency Based) Maps Total Marks
Geopgraphy Resources & Development 1 1
Forest & Wildlife Resources 1 1
Water Resources 1 1 5
Agriculture 1 1
Minerals & Energy Resources 1 1 3
Manufacturing Industries 1 1 6
Lifelines of … 1 3
Total 3 2 3 5 4 3 20
History Rise of nationalism… 1 5
Nationalism in India 1 1 5
Making of global… 1 1 3
Age of Industrialisation 1 4
Print culture… 3 3
Total 4 2 3 5 4 1Ques for 2 Marks 20
Political Science Power-sharing 2 1 6
Federalism 1 1 3
Gender, religion… 1 1 3
Political parties 1 5
Outcome of… 1 3
Total 4 4 3 5 4 20
Economics Development 2 2
Sectors of the… 2 1 1 7
Money & Credit 1 1 6
Globalization… 2 1 5
Consumer rights only for project
Total 7 2 6 5 0 20
Grand Total  18 10 15 20 12 5 80

Syllabus and Important Topics:

Subject Syllabus Marks (80) Percentage
History ∙ The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. ∙ Nationalism in India:
∙ The Making of a Global World Sub topics1 to 1.3
∙ Print Culture and the Modern World ∙ Map pointing
18+2 0.25
Political Science ∙ Power – sharing
∙ Federalism
∙ Gender, Religion and Caste
∙ Political Parties
∙ Outcomes of Democracy
20 0.25
Geography ∙ Resources and Development
∙ Forest and Wildlife Resources ∙ Water Resources
∙ Agriculture
∙ Mineral& Energy resources
∙ Manufacturing industries.
∙ Lifelines of National Economy(map pointing)
∙ Map pointing
17+3 0.25
Economics ∙ Development
∙ Sectors of the Indian Economy
∙ Money and Credit
∙ Globalization and The Indian Economy Sub topics:
▪ What is Globalization?
▪ Factors that have enabled
20 0.25

Deleted Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Social Science:

Chapter Deleted Topics
Contemporary India – II
Chapter – Resources and Development Types of Resources.
Chapter – Forest and Wildlife Biodiversity or Biological Diversity
Flora and Fauna in India
Vanishing Forests
Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?
The Himalayan Yew in trouble
Project Tiger
Chapter – Agriculture Impact of Globalization on Agriculture
Chapter -Manufacturing Industries Industry Market Linkage
Cotton Textiles, Jute Textiles, Sugar Industry
Iron Steel Industry, Cement Industry
Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II
Chapter – Democracy and Diversity Full Chapter
Chapter – Gender, Religion and Caste image on page 46, 48, 49 of
NCERT Textbook – Democratic Politics –II
– reprinted edition 2020-2021)
Chapter – Popular Struggles and Movements Full Chapter
Chapter – Challenges to Democracy Full Chapter

Complete Social Science Syllabus for Class 10th Board Exam 2024:

4. CBSE CLASS 10 Mathematics EXAM 2024:

The CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Exam 2024 is designed to be worth 80 marks, while 20 marks are allocated for internal assessment or project work for all students. The syllabus for class 10 Mathematics was revised in the past year for the ease of the students, where 30% syllabus was deleted.

Class 10 2025 Mathematics Paper Design

The detailed breakdown of the syllabus structure and marks distribution for CBSE Class 10 Maths is as follows:


Unit-Wise Marks Distribution:

Units Unit Name Marks
1 Number Systems 6
2 Algebra 20
3 Coordinate Geometry 6
4 Geometry 15
5 Trigonometry 12
6 Mensuration 10
7 Statistics & Probability 11
Total 80

Mathematics Standard Chapter Wise Weightage:

Chapter Name 1 Marks (MCQ) 2 Marks 3 Marks 5 Marks 4 Marks (Competency Based) Total Marks
Real Numbers 2 1 5
Polynomials 1 1 4
Linear Equations 1 1 3
Quadratic Equations 1 1 1 9
AP 1 4
Triangles 3 1 1 10
Coordinate Geometry 2 1 6
Trigonometry 3 1 1 8
App. of Trigonometry 1 4
Circles 1 1 1 6
Areas…Circles 2 1 4
Surface Areas & Volumes 1 1 6
Statistics 2 1 7
Probability 1 1 4
Grand Total 20 10 18 20 12 80

Deleted Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Mathematics:

REAL NUMBERS Euclid’s division lemma
POLYNOMIALS Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.
QUADRACTIC EQUATIONS Situational problems based on equations reducible to quadratic equations
ARITHEMETIC PROGRESSIONS Application in solving daily life problems based on sum to n terms
TRIANGLES Proof of the following theorems are deleted
– The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of their corresponding sides.
–  In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angle opposite to the first side is a right angle.
CONSTRUCTIONS Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.
INTRODUCTION TO TRIGNOMETRY Application of Heron’s Formula in finding the area of quadrilateral.
TRIGNOMETRIC IDENTITIES Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles
AREA RELATED TO CIRCLES Problems on central angle of 120°
SURFACE ARE & VOLUME Frustum of a cone
STATISTICS · Step deviation Method for finding the mean
· Cumulative Frequency graph

Complete Mathematics Syllabus for Class 10th Board Exam 2024:

5. CBSE CLASS 10 Science EXAM 2024:

The CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 consists of a total of 5 units. The theory paper is assigned a weightage of 80 marks, while the internal assessment component carries 20 marks.

In the CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2022-2023, the board made a deletion of about 30% part of the full syllabus. As a result, certain chapters and topics were removed to release the burden and ease exam preparations for students and help them to perform better.


Unit-Wise Marks Distribution:

Units Unit Name Marks
1 Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour: Chemical Reactions, Acids, Bases, and Salts, Metals, and Nonmetals, Carbon Compounds 25
2 World of Living: Life Processes, Control and Co-ordination in Animals and Plants, Reproduction, Heredity, and Evolution 25
3 Natural Phenomena: Reflection of light by a curved surface, Refraction of light by a spherical lens, Working of a lens in the human eye, Refraction of light through a prism, etc. 12
4 Effects of Current: Electric Current, Potential Difference and Electric Current, Ohm’s Law, Magnetic Effect of Current 13
5 Natural Resources: Our Environment 5
Total 80
Internal assessment 20
Grand Total 100

Science Standard Chapter Wise Weightage:

Chapter Name 1 Marks (MCQ) 2 Marks 3 Marks 5 Marks 4 Marks (Competency Based) Total Marks
Chemical Reactions.. 3 1 6
Acids, Bases & Salts 3 3
Metals and Non-metals 1 1 1 1 10
Carbon and its Compounds 1 1 6
Life Processes 2 2 1 9
Control and Coordination 1 1 3
How do Organisms.. 1 1 6
Heredity and Evolution 3 1 7
Light – Reflection.. 2 1 10
The Human Eye.. 1 2
Electricity 2 1 7
Magnetic Effects.. 3 1 6
Our Environment 1 1 5
Grand Total 20 12 21 15 12 80

Deleted Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Sciences:

Chapter Deleted Topics
Periodic Classification
(Full Chapter Deleted)
Need for classification, early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.
Heredity and Evolution Basic concepts of evolution: evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress
The Human Eye and the Colourful World Application of scattering in explaining colour change of the sun at sunrise and sunset
Magnetic Effects of Current Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator,
Sources of Energy
(Full Chapter Deleted)
Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.
Management of Natural Resources
(This chapter will not be assessed in the year-end examination. It needs to be prepared only for Internal Assessment.)
Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

Complete Science Syllabus for Class 10th Board Exam 2024:

Frequently Asked Questions About CBSE Class 10 Board Exam 2024:

1. Where can I download the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24? 

The students can download the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus at the official website of the board, i.e., www.cbseacademic.nic.in

2. What are the subjects in CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24? 

The subjects in CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24 are as follows: Mathematics, Science, Social Science, English and Hindi.

3. Is there any change in the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for the academic year 2023-24? 

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) cut down the Class 10 Syllabus in all subjects by 30% for the previous session. It has decided to retain the same changes for the current academic session as well.

4. What is the marking scheme for CBSE Class 10 examinations 2023-24? 

The CBSE Class 10 examinations are of 80 marks, out of which 20 marks are allotted for internal assessment. The internal assessment includes periodic tests, multiple assessments, notebooks, and subject enrichment activities.

5. When will be CBSE Class 10 Board Exam 2024 conducted?

As per the official statement, CBSE Class 10 Board Exam will be conducted from 15th February 2024 to 21st March 2024, tentatively.

Found the above information useful? Do not forget to share it with your friends who are preparing for the class 10th board exam.

Stay tuned with us for more such updates! 

Disclaimer: The above-shared details are as per analysis made by the ALLEN Experts on previous year trends. These trends may be subject to update or change as per the interim decision of organising body. For the latest information, we request the students kindly refer to its official website.


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