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CBSE Class 10th 2025: Syllabus | Exam Pattern | Marking Scheme

  • ALLEN Overseas
  • April 4, 2024
  • Views 9541

Class 10 is a pivotal juncture in students’ academic journey, holding significant sway over their future educational and professional pathways. This year’s board examinations gauge students’ grasp of various subjects, making their performance crucial for laying a solid groundwork for their future endeavors. Additionally, Class 10 is a pivotal period for honing essential skills like time management, discipline, critical thinking, and problem-solving.

Students must understand that memorisation alone may not guarantee success in the CBSE Class 10th 2025 Exam. To excel, students should first acquaint themselves with the syllabus, exam format, topic weightage, and key concepts. This blog aims to provide comprehensive guidance to prepare students for the CBSE Class 10th 2025 Exam.

Table of Content

CBSE Class 10th 2025 Exam Subjects:

Subject Details of Subject Group
Compulsory 1 Language I (Hindi – Course A or Course B or English Language & Literature or English Communicative) Group-L
2 Language II (Anyone from the group of language) Group-L
3 Mathematics- Basic or Mathematics Standard Group-A1
4 Science Group-A1
5 Social Science Group-A1
Optional 6 Skill Subject/another subject from A2 Group-S/A2
7 Language III/ Any Subject from A2 Group-L/A2
Internal Assessment (Compulsory) 8 Art Education
9 Health & Physical Education and Work Experience

CBSE Class 10th 2025 Syllabus:

CBSE Class 10 2025 Exam Mathematics: Syllabus | Section-wise Weightage | Exam Pattern

For the CBSE Class 10th 2025 Mathematics Exam, students can choose between Mathematics Standard and Mathematics Basic papers. If students do not intend to pursue mathematics for higher studies, they can opt for Mathematics Basic as it has a comparatively easier difficulty level. However, the Mathematics Standard is more challenging and suitable for students pursuing higher studies in the same field.

Both papers will carry 100 marks, with 80 marks assigned to the theory paper and the remaining 20 marks for internal assessment or project work.

Chapter-wise Marks Distribution:
Unit Chapter Marks
Number Systems Real Number 6
Algebra Polynomials 20
Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
Quadratic Equations
Arithmetic Progressions
Coordinate Geometry Coordinate Geometry 6
Geometry Triangles 15
Circles
Trigonometry Introduction to Trigonometry 12
Trigonometric Identities
Heights & Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of depression
Mensuration Areas Related to Circles 10
Surface Areas and Volumes
Statistics & Probability Statistics 11
Probability
Exam Pattern & Marks Distribution:
Section Type of Questions Number of Questions Marks (80) Weightage
Section A MCQs 20 (1 Mark Each) 20 20%
Section B Very Short Answer Questions 5 (2 Marks Each) 10 10%
Section C Short Answer Questions 6 (3 Marks Each) 18 18%
Section D Long Answer Questions 4 (5 Marks Each) 20 20%
Section E Case-Based Questions 3 (4 Marks Each) 12 12%
Internal Assessment Marking Scheme:
Assessment Type Marks
Pen Paper Test & Multiple Assessment (05 + 05 Marks Each) 10 Marks
Portfolio 05 Marks
Lab Practical (Lab Activities to be done from the prescribed books 05 Marks
Total 20 Marks
CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus Official PDF:

Class 10 2025 Mathematics Paper Design

CBSE Class 10 2025 Exam Science: Syllabus | Section-wise Weightage | Exam Pattern

The CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus for the year 2025 comprises 5 units from three subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The theory paper carries a weightage of 80 marks, whereas the internal assessment component accounts for 20 marks.

The board removed approximately 30% of the CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus for 2022-2023. This was done to reduce the burden, simplify exam preparations for students, and help them perform better.

Unit-wise Marks Distribution:
S.No Unit Marks
1 Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour 25
2 World of Living 25
3 Natural Phenomena 12
4 Effects of Current 13
5 Natural Resources 5
Total 80
Exam Pattern & Marks Distribution:
Section Number of Questions Marks per Question Weightage (in Marks)
Section A (Multiple Choice Questions) 20 1 20
Section B (Short Answer Type Questions-I) 6 2 12
Section C (Short Answer Type Questions-II) 7 3 21
Section D (Long Answer Type Questions) 3 5 15
Section E (Source-Based/Case-Based Questions) 3 4 12
Internal Assessment Marking Scheme:
Assessment Type Marks
Periodic Assessment 5 + 5 Marks
Subject Enrichment (Practical Work) 5 Marks
Portfolio 5 Marks
Total 20 Marks
CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Official PDF:

Class 10 English: Syllabus | Section-wise Weightage | Exam Pattern:

The English curriculum is designed to develop students’ reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. The course consists of two books: First Flight (prose and poems) and Footprints Without Feet (supplementary). In addition to these two books, the syllabus covers grammar and topics related to writing skills, such as essays, formal letters, and others.

The theoretical exam carries 80 marks, and 20 marks are allocated for internal assessment.

Distribution of Sections:
Section Competencies Total Marks
Reading Comprehension Conceptual understanding, decoding, analysing, inferring, interpreting & vocabulary 20
Writing Skills & Grammar Creative expression of an opinion, reasoning, justifying, illustrating, appropriacy of style and tone, using appropriate format and fluency. Applying conventions, using integrated structures with accuracy and fluency. 20
Language through Literature Recalling, reasoning, appreciating, applying literary conventions illustrating and justifying etc. Extract relevant information, identify the central theme and sub-theme, understanding the writer’s message and writing fluently. 40
Total 80
Section-wise Weightage:
Section Topics Marks Remarks
Section A Reading Comprehension through Unseen Passage 20 Marks
Discursive passage (between 400 to 450 words) 10 marks Multiple Choice Questions / Objective Type Questions and Short Answer Questions (to be answered in 30-40 words)
Case-based factual passage (with visual input- statistical data, chart etc.) of 200-250 words. 10 marks
Section B English Grammar & Writing 20 Marks
Grammar
• Determinants
• Tenses
• Modals
• Subject-Verb Concord
• Reported Speech-     Statements-     Questions-     Commands & Requests
10 Marks Accurate use of spelling, punctuation and grammar in context through various Gap Filling/ Editing/Transformation exercises.
Writing Skills
Writing a Formal Letter based on a given situation (100-120 words) 05 Marks Word Limit 100-120 words
Writing an Analytical Paragraph on a given Map / Chart / Graph / Cue (100-200 words) 05 Marks Word Limit 100-120 words
Section C Language through Literature 40 Marks
Reference to the Context 5+5= 10 Marks
One extract out of two from Drama / Prose
One extract out of two from poetry
Short & Very Long Answer Questions 30 Marks
Short Answer Type Questions (First Flight) 4×3=12 marks Any 4 of 5
Short Answer Type Questions (Footprints Without Feet) 2×3=6 marks Any 2 of 3
Long Answer Questions (First Flight) 6 Marks Any 1 of 2
Long Answer Questions (Footprints Without Feet) 6 Marks Any 1 of 2
English Syllabus Official PDF:

Class 10 Hindi: Syllabus | Section-wise Weightage | Exam Pattern:

The Hindi curriculum is designed to develop students’ reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. The course consists of two books: क्षितिज, भाग–2, and कृतिका भाग–2. In addition to these two books, the syllabus covers grammar and topics related to writing skills, such as essays and formal letters.

The theoretical exam carries 80 marks, and 20 marks are allocated for internal assessment.

Exam Pattern & Marks Distribution:
Part- A
Marks Total Marks
Multiple choice based on comprehension ability and expression skills on unread prose and poetry
1 a. Unseen Passage (250 words) 5 10
b. Unseen Poetry (120 words) 5
2 Grammar 16
a. रचना के आधार पर वाक्य भेद 4
b. वाच्य 4
c पद परिचय 4
d अलंकार 4
3 Literature 14
a Pros 7
b Poetry 7
Part- B
1 a. Pros 6 20
4 of 3 (Short-form Answers)
b Poetry 6
4 of 3 (Very Short-form Answers)
c Supplementary 8
3 of 4 (Short-form Answers)
2 Writing 20
i Paragraph Writing (on any 1 of 3 topics) 6
ii Letter Writing (Any 1) 5
iii Resume Writing or Email Writing 5
iv Letter Writing / Advertisement Writing 4
Total 80
Internal Assessment Marking Scheme:
Assessment Type Marks
Periodic Assessment 5
Project 5
Portfolio 5
Listening & Speaking 5
Total 20
CBSE Class 10 Hindi Syllabus Official PDF:

Hindi A:

Hindi B:

CBSE Class 10 2025 Exam Social Science: Syllabus | Section-wise Weightage | Exam Pattern

The CBSE Class 10 Social Science syllabus encompasses four main sections: History, Political Science (Civics), Geography and Economics. Like English and Hindi, the theory paper in Social Science will account for 100 marks, with 80 Marks for theory, while the internal assessment component will carry 20 marks. The exam also contains questions from maps.

Subject-wise Marks Distribution:
S.No Subject Syllabus Marks
1 History ●        The Rise of Nationalism in Europe.

●        Nationalism in India

●        The Making of a Global World (Sub-Topics 1 to 1.3)

●        Print Culture and the Modern World

●        Map Pointing

18+2
2 Political Science ●        Power-Sharing

●        Federalism

●        Gender, Religion, and Caste

●        Political Parties

●        Outcomes of Democracy

20
3 Geography ●        Resources and Development

●        Forest and Wildlife Resources

●        Water Resources

●        Agriculture

●        Mineral & Energy Resources

●        Manufacturing Industries

●        Lifelines of National Economy (Map Pointing)

●        Map Pointing

17+3
4 Economics ●        Development

●        Sectors of the Indian Economy

●        Money & Credit

●        Globalisation and The Indian Economy

Sub-topics:

–          What is Globalisation?

–          Factors that have enabled Globalisation

20
Total 80
Exam Pattern & Marks Distribution:
Sections Types of Questions Number of Questions Marks (80) Weightage
Section A MCQs (Inclusive of Assertion, Reason, Differentiation & Stem) 20 (1 Mark Each) 20 25%
Section B Narrative Questions (Knowledge, Understanding, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis & Create) 4 (2 Marks Each) 8 10%
Section C Narrative Questions (Knowledge, Understanding, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis & Create) 5 (3 Marks Each) 15 18.75%
Section D Case Study Questions (Knowledge, Understanding, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis & Create) 3 (4 Marks Each) 12 15%
Section E Narrative Questions (Knowledge, Understanding, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis & Create) 4 (5 Marks Each) 20 25%
Section F Map Pointing 5 5 6.25%
Internal Assessment Marking Scheme:
Assessment Type Marks
Periodic Assessment (Pen Paper Test) 05 Marks
Multiple Assessments (Quizzes, debate, role play, etc., through interdisciplinary projects) 05 Marks
Subject Enrichment Activity (Project work on Consumer Rights or Social Issues or Sustainable Development) 05 Marks
Portfolio (Classwork, word done, achievements of students in the subject throughout the year, etc.) 05 Marks
Total 20 Marks
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus Official PDF:

Smart preparation is crucial for acing the CBSE Class 10th 2025 Exam. It requires a comprehensive understanding of the marking scheme and chapter-wise weightage. The information above can help you prepare for the exams and ace them with ease.

We hope the above information will help you in your preparation! Don’t forget to share it with your friends while preparing for the 10th board exam class. Stay tuned with us for more such updates!

CBSE Official Website: www.cbse.gov.in

ALLEN Overseas wishes you the best of luck with your exams!

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